|Your Home Town|
Cardowan, North Lanarkshire, Scotland, situated to the south of Stepps, is a residential area on the north-eastern outskirts of Glasgow which grew around Cardowan Colliery, Garnkirk Fire-clay works, and clay mines in the immediate area.
In 1852 John Hurll and John Young
formed Hurll, Young & Company and
established the Cardowan Fire Clay
Works. In 1862, they bought the
neighbouring Heathfield Works from
Ferguson, Miller & Company. In 1865
they partnered with James Dunnachie
to form the Glenboig Fire Clay
The clay at Cardowan was of the highest quality, similar to the Garnkirk clay nearby. The fireclay products included firebricks, blast-furnace blocks, gas retorts and fittings, ornamental vases, garden edgings, and plain and ornamental chimney pots. Both bricks and the more specialised products were hand-made. During the mid-1890s output was 60-70 tons per day
The Cardowan works was abandoned by 1913 but the Heathfield works continued producing until 1970. Site noted as being an earthworks by 1979. Heathfield & Cardowan Fire Clay Company, Ltd. (ca. 1880-1970)
Works: Heathfield, Cardowan and Glasgow fire clay works, Garnkirk, ca. 1852 - 1970
The mine at Cardowan was the site of several accidents including the explosion of 1927 in which on the 1st of August at 3:50pm 3 men were killed. (John Kilpatrick, Maurice M'Bride, George Jackson)
A further explosion occurred in 1932 on November 16 in which 11 men were killed. (William Bradley, Michael Flynn, Peter Frati (formerly Jacobelli), William McAlister, John McNab, James McVey, Richard Maroney, George Mullen, James Reynolds, John Watt, John Whiteford)
Then again in Jan 1982 there was another explosion at some 1700 feet underground and 2 miles from the pithead, resulting in 41 injuries. The mine finally closed at the end of 1983.