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Bargeddie

Bargeddie developed as part of a mining community in the western part of the Old Monkland Parish and other local industries followed such as a brickworks, opened in 1900, which at one time produced 4'/2 million bricks per year.

Roy's map of 1750 shows a village named "Bargeddy" and Forrest's map of 1801 has a hamlet name "Balgedy".  This suggests that the original name comes from "Bal" - gaelic for a settlement and possibly from the gaelic word 'geadaibh' meaning a ploughed field!

The 1801 map shows "Balgedy" surrounded by a large number of thin strips of fields, alternatively owned by Messrs Wark and Muirhead.   These narrow fields, without hedge or tree boundaries, were the last remains of the traditional "runrig" pattern of field management. By 1817 Forrest discovered that Bargeddie House was in the hands of Mr Wark who had replaced the runrig pattern with a modern large field pattern.

It has been said that Bargeddie was at the cutting edge of Victorian technology - albeit briefly!  In 1864 the Lochwood Pit at Cuilhill, owned by the Bairds, saw the operation of the first chain-driven coal cutting machine in Scotland.   It was known as "The Gartsherrie"  and though it was plagued with unreliability, it became the prototype for mechanical coal-cutting machines right up to the 20th century. 

In 1864 Bargeddie was chosen by the Baird Trust as the site for a new church schools to service the nearby mining villages of Cuilhill and Langmuir.   It was chosen because of its central position and its location on the main road.  The original school building is now disused.

Bargeddie Parish Church was built in 1876.  It is isolated from Bargeddie and was built on land donated by the Misses Black, owners of Heatheryknowe.  One of them later married the first minister of the church.

 

The three villages flourished in the early days of coal. Coals from Bargeddie and Langmuir were transported by rail (remember that trains were the main medium for cargo transport) to the Monkland Canal at Cuilhill Gullet for onward shipment to Glasgow. The Gullet was a transhipment terminal for the Drumpelier Railway which was built in 1847 and by 1849 it was sending 900 boat loads of coal per year to Glasgow. As well as the Bargeddie pits it serviced other pits such as Braehead and Bredisholm. This line continued until 1896. Cuilhill also had a small boatyard for repairing the canal boats.


Original drawing for Bargeddie School
(South Elevation)

Bargeddie School House
click to see Bargeddie 1899 map 
click on map to return here

Bargeddie School was built in 1894. Drumpark Special School was built in 1929 and continues to fulfil an important role, providing an education for handicapped children..  Bargeddie expanded in the 1930's and after the Second World War with the creation of a major housing estate. Most of it's 3000 inhabitants came from Glasgow and other parts of the Lanarkshire County Council area rather than from Coatbridge.  Cuilhill and Langmuir  have disappeared along with the pits and miners rows.  The name of Langmuir was absorbed into Bargeddie.   The population of Bargeddie in 1981 was 2,624.

Newlands Rows, Bargeddie

These are owned by the United Collieries Company, and are rented at 1s. 7d. per week for a single house, and 2s. per week for a room and kitchen. The sanitary conveniences here consist of open closets and ash-pits. In No. 3 house a sewage drain has been led through below the beds, and throws off a horrible smell. The houses are infested with rats. [Royal Commission, 25th March 1914]

Newlands, Bargeddie

This row consists of several rows of houses, brick built and slated roofs, and contains twenty-six single-apartment houses (rental 1s. 7d. per week), twenty-three room and kitchen houses (rental 2s. per week), one large room and kitchen house (rental 2s. 6d. per week), and one three-room and kitchen house (rental 3s. 9d. per week) ; these rents include taxes.

The ceilings of all the foregoing houses are 8 feet 6 inches high. There is no water in any of the houses, and no wash-houses; the only conveniences for the tenants are dry-closets, with ash-pits, of which there is a very inadequate number.  The property was built about 1873.

In our opinion the cost of the erection of this property would be about 2860 (Two thousand eight hundred and sixty pounds).Report on cost of rebuilding old houses, presented to Royal Commission on 25th March 1914

It was in 1975 when Monklands District was created, that Bargeddie housing, leisure and cleansing were brought together with Coatbridge.  Bargeddie is now part of North Lanarkshire.

 However recent years has seen the upsurge in private housing developments and in one area alone there will be over 1000 "executive style houses.

Trossachs

 

 
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